Do you struggle to manage your blood sugar levels? If you do, it is critical to understand the roles of insulin and glucagon.
Insulin and glucagon are two hormones that regulate blood sugar, among other functions. Without control over these two hormones, the body can experience devastating effects, which can even lead to death.
Understanding the differences between insulin vs. glucagon is vital to protect your health, especially if you have diabetes. Keep reading to learn more about the differences between them.
What Is Insulin?
Insulin is the primary hormone responsible for lowering blood sugar levels. It helps to move glucose from the bloodstream into cells where energy uses it. Insulin also promotes the storage of glucose in the liver as glycogen.
What Is Glucagon?
Glucagon is a hormone that helps to raise blood sugar levels. Glucagon works to break down stored glycogen in the liver into glucose, which is then released into the bloodstream. This helps to maintain proper blood sugar levels.
How They Work Together
Both insulin and glucagon come from the pancreas. However, these hormones have opposite roles in managing blood sugar levels. Insulin handles ushering sugar into cells for energy, while glucagon signals the liver to release sugar stores when blood sugar levels are low.
When There Is an Imbalance
Insulin and glucagon work together to keep blood sugar levels within a healthy range. But, if one hormone is not working as it should be, it can lead to serious health problems. For example, if insulin levels are too low, it can lead to diabetes, while too much glucagon can lead to hypoglycemia.
What Causes Low or High Blood Sugar?
Many factors cause low blood sugar, including:
- Not eating enough food
- Not getting enough sleep
- Strenuous exercise
- Taking too much insulin
Meanwhile, the following causes high blood sugar:
- Overeating sugary foods
- Drinking alcohol
- Not managing stress
- Not taking enough insulin
How to Balance Blood Sugar Levels
Insulin and glucagon need to work without a problem to keep blood sugar levels in balance.
Eat a healthy diet, exercise daily, and get adequate sleep to keep insulin and glucagon levels in check. Also, make sure you are taking the medications prescribed by your doctor.
Consult your doctor if you still struggle to manage your blood sugar levels. Alternatively, you can try some blood sugar supplements. Learn more info here about blood sugar support products.
Insulin vs. Glucagon Explained
This article explains the differences between insulin vs. glucagon. It also discusses how they work together. Finally, it outlines what happens when the two hormones are imbalanced and what you can do to balance them.
In essence, insulin helps your body process sugar, while glucagon helps raise blood sugar levels. Both hormones have opposite effects on blood sugar; they work together to maintain normal blood sugar levels.
If you’re interested in more articles about insulin, be sure to dig deeper into this website.